The Oceans As A Resource
Objectives
1) Understand the importance of ocean water as a resource (eg harvesting the sea) 2) Describe examples of how fisheries have been mismanaged, the socio-economic and environmental impacts of such mismanagement, and solutions for better management 3) Explain the threat of driftnet fishing 4) Describe the importance of coastal ecosystems such as saltmarshes, mangroves, estuaries, and coral reefs as well as the threats to their survival
In this lesson, you will look at examples of fisheries in crisis and how they might be salvaged. Furthermore, you will explore the importance of coastal ecosystems and the threats to their survival.

The Atlantic Cod Fishery

For centuries, the Grand Banks off of Newfoundland provided fishers with a bountiful supply of cod and created jobs for thousands of people. However, since the early 1990s, the cod have virtually disappeared. The net effect has been the almost entire loss of a key primary industry to the Newfoundland economy. Thousands of people lost their jobs and the province has been forced to diversify into new areas such as Hibernia offshore oil and high technology.

But what factors led to the collapse of the cod industry in the first place and how can this resource be restored and better managed into the future? The links below will help to answer those questions.

Case Study: Fished Out: The Rise and Fall of the Cod Fishery
Courtesy: CBC Archives

"Who had cod for dinner?"
Courtesy: CBC Archives

"The seal hunt makes a comeback"
Courtesy CBC Archives

"Video prompts calls for more enforcement"
Courtesy CBC Archives

The West Coast Salmon Industry

Types of Pacific Salmon
Courtesy: David Suzuki Foundation

Fish Stocks on the West Coast: Challenges and Strategies for Better Management
Courtesy: Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Sustainable Fishing
Courtesy: David Suzuki Foundation

Fish Farming: A History
Courtesy: David Suzuki Foundation

"Farmed and Dangerous"
Courtesy: Coastal Alliance for Aquaculture Reform

"Why You Shouldn't Eat Farmed Salmon"
Courtesy: David Suzuki Foundation

The Future of Fish Farming in BC
Courtesy: ENS

Coastal Ecosystems

"Bill Moyers Reports: Earth On Edge: Ecosystems"
(Note: Remember to follow the 'Next' link near the bottom of each webpage as there are four webpages in total.)
Courtesy: PBS

Coral Reefs: Home to 25% of all marine life
Courtesy: WWF

Coral Reefs: Threats
Courtesy: WWF



Assignment Work

A1) Utilizing the information from the website links above, download, and fill in the summary chart for the Atlantic Cod Fishery using point form notes.
E-mail the completed chart to your instructor.

2) Do you agree or disagree with the Seal Hunt? Explain. Post your answer to the Discussion.

Note: Part A is worth 10 marks.

B) Utilizing the information from the website links above, download and complete the West Coast Salmon Industry assignment. E-mail the completed exercise to your instructor (10 marks).

C) Utilizing the link for Driftnet Fishing, answer the following questions in a word processing document.

1) Why does the article describe driftnet fishing as "dirty technology" and "walls of death"?

2) What was the United Nations response to driftnet fishing in 1992?

3) What challenges must be overcome in order to effectively ban this method of fishing in the European Union or elsewhere?

D) Utilizing the links for Coastal Ecosystems,
take notes in the same word processing document as for Part C adhering to the following criteria:

- point form notes addressing major themes, issues, and terms
- use headings and subheadings
- maximum three pages single sided, 1.5 spacing, typed
- use a 12 point font except for subheadings which may be 14 point
- once you have completed your notes, read them over and bold in a different font colour what you deem to be the top 10 points
- include a three sentence summary at the end of your notes

E-mail your completed work for Parts C and D to your instructor. Parts C and D are worth 10 marks in total.

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