Environments and People/
Resource Management Review
Objectives
To review the Prescribed Learning Outcomes for the Environments and People / Resource Management Module
It is time to review your knowledge of Environments and People / Resource Management in preparation for the Module Test.


Environments and People / Resource Management Review

Try calculating your ecological footprint


Multiple Choice

Go over top of a light bulb to see if you are correct.

1. The largest amount of fresh water is contained in
A. lakes and swamps.
B. rivers and streams
C. ice caps and glaciers.
D. ground water aquifers.

2. Most of the developing world’s renewable energy supply is provided by

A. solar energy.
B. geothermal energy.
C. biomass conversion.
D. hydro-electric power.

3. The field pattern in the photograph is a result of

A. row cropping.
B. cover cropping.
C. soil conservation.
D. sprinkler irrigation.

4. Of the following terms, which would best describe agriculture?
A. primary and renewable
B. secondary and renewable
C. extractive and non-renewable

D. recyclable and non-renewable

5. Which of the following illustrates interaction between the atmosphere and the hydrosphere?
A. a tsunami
B. a hurricane
C. a tidal bore
D. an anticyclone

6. The problems caused by acid rain are difficult to solve because

A. of the absence of international cooperation.

B. sources are naturally occurring in the environment.

C. its origins are from the factories of developing countries.

D. of the lack of technology to clean the sulfur dioxide emissions.

7. Worldwide, the largest consumer of fresh water is
A. agriculture.
B. manufacturing.
C. heavy industry.
D. domestic usage.

8. The energy source which, when consumed, has the least impact on the atmosphere is
A. coal.
B. biomass.
C. petroleum.
D. natural gas.

9. The environmental problem illustrated by the map above is the

A. international nature of acid rain.

B. warming due to the Gulf Stream.

C. overfishing in the North Atlantic.

D. radioactive fallout from Chernobyl.

10. Which of the following geographic themes is best represented by the map above?
A. relative location
B. absolute location
C. nature of the place
D. relationship between places

11. The logging industry prefers clear-cut harvesting to other practices because it
A. is safer and more economical.
B. allows access for multiple use.
C. reduces the rate of stream siltation.
D. is less damaging to wildlife habitat

12. The major difficulty in providing the world’s population with enough fresh water is the
A. unequal distribution of fresh water.
B. large amount of water trapped in glacial ice.
C. lack of technology for ground water extraction.
D. ease with which water is polluted by industrial waste.

13. Ocean pollution comes mainly from
A. oil tanker accidents.
B. land-based human activity.
C. ocean dumping of garbage.
D. deliberate freighter discharge.

14. The greatest threat to British Columbia’s farmland is from
A. soil erosion.
B. urban growth.
C. chemical pollution.
D. conversion to golf courses.

15. Increased emissions of chlorofluorocarbons will result in
A. rapid melting of the polar ice caps.
B. acidification of more lakes and soils.
C. an increase in skin cancer worldwide.
D. an expansion of drought-stricken regions.

The natural vegetation of the Canadian prairies and Ukraine steppe is short grass.

16. Which of the following themes of geography is best represented by the statement above?
A. region
B. movement
C. absolute location
D. human-physical interaction

17. In Southeast Asia, the most common technique used by developing countries to prevent topsoil loss is
A. terracing.
B. dam construction.
C. contour ploughing.
D. growing cover crops.

18. Which of the following are major greenhouse gases?
A. carbon dioxide, methane, oxygen

B. chlorofluorocarbons, water vapour, helium

C. water vapour, nitrogen oxide, sulfur dioxide

D. methane, carbon dioxide, chlorofluorocarbons

19. Identify the stage of human culture in which threats to the global environment have caused people to become concerned.
A. agrarian
B. industrial
C. post-industrial
D. hunting and gathering

20. Which energy source is the main method of power generation in North America?
A. solar
B. hydro
C. nuclear
D. fossil fuels

21. Sustainability means
A. maximizing resource utilization and profit.

B. resisting pressure to develop a potential resource.

C. extracting a resource which is commercially viable.

D. meeting today’s needs while providing for the future.

They act like sponges, soaking up rain and snowmelt while releasing water in the dry season. They reduce soil erosion, slow run-off from spring thaws and filter the water of lakes and rivers.

22. The description above refers to
A. aquifers.
B. wetlands.
C. areas of permafrost.
D. tropical rain forests.

23. Increasing skin cancer cases in Australia have been linked to the

A. use of coal as an energy source.

B. emission of automobile exhaust.

C. destruction of the tropical rain forests.

D. release of CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons).

24. An ecosystem is best described as
A. the physical environment.

B. the climax vegetation of a particular species.

C. a community of living things interacting with the natural environment.

D. a broad geographical region inhabited by characteristic plant and animal species.

25. Which of the following describes the progression of energy in a food chain?

A. producers, decomposers, consumers

B. photosynthesis, producers, consumers

C. decomposers, producers, photosynthesis

D. consumers, photosynthesis, decomposers

26. The nature of geography is best described as

A. being primarily concerned with location.

B. mainly devoted to environmental concerns.

C. having a body of exclusive geographical terms.

D. an integrated study of physical and human elements.

27. Developing countries have relied on fuelwoods as an energy source more than developed countries because

A. it was abundant and inexpensive.

B. it was renewable and non-polluting.

C. their fossil fuel reserves were depleted.

D. their rivers were not suitable for hydro-electric dams.

28. Major contributors to acid rain are

A. nuclear power plants.

B. thermal power stations.

C. emissions of chlorofluorocarbons.

D. methane gases from domesticated animals.

The buried remains of tropical plants, over millions of years, were changed by intense pressure into the world’s most abundant fossil fuel.

29. Which of the following best matches the description above?
A. coal
B. biomass
C. petroleum
D. natural gas

30. Identify the resource ethic being demonstrated at location 3K.

A. exploitation B. preservation C. multiple use D. conservation

31. The atmospheric gas protecting living organisms from ultra-violet radiation is

A. ozone. B. nitrogen. C. water vapour. D. carbon dioxide.

32. The main reason for the change in the grey wolves’ range, as shown on the map above, is
A. a change in climate.
B. the trade in animal parts.
C. the introduction of invader species.

D. the expansion of human settlement.

33. In which sphere are all ecosystems found?

A. biosphere B. lithosphere C. atmosphere D. hydrosphere

34. Identify the stage of human culture most involved with the search for alternatives to fossil fuels.
A. agrarian
B. industrial
C. post-industrial
D. hunting and gathering

35. Which of the following is a renewable resource?
A. fossil fuel
B. natural gas
C. nuclear fuel
D. geothermal heat

36. Most of British Columbia’s energy is produced from
A. coal.
B. natural gas.
C. waste wood.
D. running water.

37. Global consumption of fresh water could best be reduced through
A. increased dam construction.
B. restrictions on domestic use.
C. improved irrigation techniques.
D. recycling industrial waste water.

Open Ended Sample Review Questions

Select one of the following resources to answer question 1.

Fish or Fresh Water

1. Mismanagement of resources is a global problem. In a paragraph, outline the problems associated with the use of the resource you have selected and propose ways to better manage the resource. (6 marks)

Key

2. Using your understanding of geography, assess the advantages and disadvantages of the Sable Island gas project. Answer in paragraph form.
(6 marks)
Key

3. A proposal has been made by an environmental group to remove dams on the Colorado River. Present three different arguments that could be used to support maintaining dams on the Colorado River. (3 marks) Key

4. Coniferous Forest or Renewable Energy Sources

Mismanagement of resources is a global problem. Discuss the problems associated with the choice you have selected and propose ways to better manage the resource. Answer in paragraph form. (6 marks) Key

5. a) Identify the trend indicated in the graph above. (1 mark)

b) Suggest two reasons that might explain the trend illustrated above. (2 marks)

c) Outline two ways that this problem can be addressed. (2 marks)

Key

6.a) Identify the activity at 3K in the photograph below. (1 mark)

b) Describe two benefits people in this region would gain from this activity. (2 marks)

c) Outline two impacts this activity may have on the biosphere. (2 marks)

Key

7. a) Propose two specific conservation measures that can be taken to reverse the trend illustrated on the map. (2 marks)

b) Give two reasons why it is difficult to implement conservation measures. (2 marks)

Key

8. a) Identify two toxic substances that contaminate the Great Lakes. (2 marks)

b) Explain two effects that these toxins have on the environment. (2 marks)

c) Suggest two reasons why solutions are difficult to implement. (2 marks)

Key

9. a) In your own words, describe the problem the cartoonist is addressing. (1 mark)

b) Discuss two consequences of this problem. (2 marks)

Key



Assignment Work

1) Begin studying for the Test and do the review questions above.

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